Understand International Affairs from India’s point of view
Understand International Affairs from India’s point of view
(This article is a part of the View From India newsletter prepared by foreign affairs experts of The Hindu. To get the newsletter delivered to your inbox every Monday, subscribe Here,
It was the first major multilateral conference attended by Russian President Vladimir Putin after ordering an invasion of Ukraine on 24 February. This was the first foreign visit of Chinese President Xi Jinping in 32 months. This was the first time since the 2020 border conflict between India and China that Prime Minister Narendra Modi came face-to-face with Mr. Xi. So in many ways, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) summit in Samarkand, Uzbekistan last week attracted international attention. It didn’t go in vain.
Prime Minister Modi did not hold bilateral meetings with Mr. Xi or Pakistan’s Prime Minister Shahbaz Sharif. But Mr. Putin had separate meetings with both Mr. Xi and Mr. Modi– And both leaders expressed their concerns about the Ukraine war, and the Russian leader acknowledged those concerns. Mr. Modi told Mr. Putin in his inaugural address that “now is not the era of warHis comments were not surprising, as India had expressed its concern in the past as well. India’s disquiet with the war was hardly a secret. It had called several times for a negotiated end to the conflict and charges of war crimes. But at the same time, India refrained from publicly rebuking Russia and refused to engage in West-led sanctions. In the SCO talks, Mr. Modi talked about his government’s policy towards Russia. What did Mr. Putin do to express his concerns directly, without making any changes to Mr. Putin, responding to them, saying, “We want this to be over as soon as possible. We will keep you informed of what is happening there.”
While better regional connectivity is one of the listed goals of the SCO, Mr. Modi said at the conference that it This will be achieved only if the members grant each other “full transit rights”., referring to Pakistan’s refusal to give India transit trade access by land to Afghanistan and Central Asia. The SCO looks like a formidable regional grouping on paper – two of its members are permanent members of the UNSC and four are nuclear powers. The group comprises about 40% of the global population and more than 20% of the global GDP. But for the SCO to reach its true potential, member states must be able to pursue the goals of the grouping together. India now comes to prominence as the chairman of the SCO, and is preparing for next year’s SCO summit. In this editorial, The Hindu writes Despite the tension, India needs to ensure the participation of all members of the SCO, including China and Pakistan.
return of russia
Spirited Show: Volodymyr Zelensky hoisting the flag in the recaptured city of Izyum in Kharkiv on Wednesday. , photo credit: AFP
Ukraine launched a counter-offensive earlier in the month, pushing Russian troops out of most of the areas it occupied. Kharkiv Oblast. It was the first major battlefield advantage of Ukrainian troops since the war began seven months earlier. Advancing Ukrainian troops, the Russians withdrew to a new line of defence, evacuating strategically important cities such as Izyum and Kupiansk. How did Ukraine achieve this important victory on the battlefield? And what was Russia’s reaction? This lecturer Answers to some of these questions.
Russia’s recent setback in Ukraine appears to have affected its military launch capability in Central Asia and the Caucasus. Soon after its troops were forced to pull back from northeastern Ukraine, there were casualties between Armenia, a Russian ally, and Azerbaijan. Countries fought in 2020 over the disputed Nagorno-Karabakh territory that ended in a difficult armistice. At least 170 soldiers killed In last week’s clashes. clash between Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan as well (both Russian allies) in which about 80 people were killed. Russia has called for de-escalation, but violence and chaos along its border is not good news for Moscow at a time when its troops are fighting a prolonged war in Ukraine.
sri lanka watch
FILE – The President of Sri Lanka Maithripala Sirisena speaks during an interview with The Associated Press at his residence in Colombo, Sri Lanka on May 7, 2019. photo credit: AP
A Sri Lankan court has named former President Maithripala Sirisena a suspect in a case related to the 2019 Easter terror bombings and directed him to appear in court this October. This is not the first time that the 2019 Easter bombings have been blamed on Mr Sirisena, who was then president. A parliamentary select committee, appointed in May 2019 and tasked with investigating the Easter bombings, accused President Sirisena of “actively undermining” the government and security systems, leading to attacks a decade after Sri Lanka’s civil war. The first “serious mistake” occurred. End, Meera Srinivasan Report from Colombo.
In a separate development, the President of Sri Lanka Ranil Wickremesinghe has said that his country will revive its free trade agreement with India and upgrade it to “a comprehensive economic and technological partnership”.
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