HomeWorldSCO member states plan single list of banned terrorist, separatist, extremist groups

SCO member states plan single list of banned terrorist, separatist, extremist groups

Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra said that each of the SCO member states was very clear in recognizing the threat that this challenge poses to the region and beyond.

Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra said that each of the SCO member states was very clear in recognizing the threat that this challenge poses to the region and beyond.

To counter the security threat posed by terrorist groups, members of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is planning to prepare a unified list of terrorist, separatist and extremist organizations whose activities are banned in their territories.

In a joint declaration issued at the end of the eight-member bloc’s annual summit in the historic Uzbek city of Samarkand on 16 September, leaders of SCO member states, including Prime Minister Narendra Modi, expressed deep concern over the security threat. Strongly condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, emanating from separatism and extremism and terrorist acts around the world.

“Member States, reaffirming a strong commitment to combat terrorism, separatism and extremism, resolve to continue to take proactive measures to address conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism, cutting off terrorist financing channels , suppress terrorist recruitment and cross-border movement, counter extremism, radicalization of youth, spread of terrorist ideology, and eliminate sleeper cells and places used as terrorist safe havens,” it said.

“According to their national law and based on consensus, Member States shall endeavor to develop general principles and approaches to form a unified list of terrorist, separatist and extremist organizations whose activities are restricted in the territories of the SCO Member States, The Samarkand Declaration signed by the leaders of the eight-member group said.

Briefing reporters, Foreign Secretary Vinay Kwatra said that each of the SCO member states was very clear in recognizing the threat that this challenge poses to the region and beyond.

To counter the threat of chemical and biological terrorism, SCO members call for compliance with the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Storage and Use of Chemical Weapons. “They emphasize the importance of destroying all declared stockpiles of chemical weapons as quickly as possible,” the declaration said.

On the issue of Afghanistan, the leaders called for an inclusive government in the war-torn country, now ruled by the Taliban.

“The member states consider it extremely important to establish an inclusive government in Afghanistan with the participation of representatives of all ethnic, religious and political groups in Afghanistan,” the declaration said.

The group also advocated the formation of Afghanistan as an independent, neutral, united, democratic and peaceful state free from terrorism, war and drugs.

On Iran, the Declaration states that SCO member states value the continued implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on the Iranian Nuclear Program and calls on all participants to vigorously implement their commitments to the full and effective implementation of the document .

It said global climate change and the effects of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic pose additional challenges to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, along with economic growth, social welfare and food security.

“For this, new approaches are needed to promote more equitable and effective international cooperation and sustainable economic development,” it added.

Member States reaffirmed their commitment to a more representative, democratic, equitable and multipolar world order based on universally recognized principles of international law, multilateralism, equal, shared, indivisible, comprehensive and sustainable security.

The SCO called for creating a transparent international energy market and reducing existing trade barriers.

It called for the effectiveness of the World Trade Organization (WTO) as the premier forum for discussing the international trade agenda and adopting the rules of the multilateral trading system.

The declaration said that they emphasized the need for prompt and inclusive reform of the organization, focusing on the development and adaptation of modern economic realities as well as the effective implementation of monitoring, negotiation and dispute settlement functions.

The SCO, which is seen as an antidote to NATO, is an eight-member economic and security bloc and has emerged as one of the largest inter-regional international organisations. India and Pakistan became its permanent members in 2017.

The SCO was established in 2001 at a summit in Shanghai by the presidents of Russia, China, the Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

India has shown keen interest in deepening its security-related cooperation with the SCO and its Regional Anti-Terrorism Framework (RATS), particularly on issues relating to security and defence.

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