Four regions of Ukraine – controlled by Russian and ex-Moscow forces – are set to hold a referendum on joining Russia on Friday. Russia’s plan to annex about 15% of Ukrainian territory through a referendum comes after Russian-established leaders in the Luhansk, Donetsk, Kherson and Zaporizhzhya provinces announced plans for votes to be held from Friday to Tuesday. The referendum is supported by Russian President Vladimir Putin and comes after almost seven months after the warAnd this month Moscow suffered a significant battlefield defeat in northeastern Ukraine.
Here are the top 10 points:
1) While the West – which has criticized the move – has called it a gross violation of international law that could escalate the ongoing war, Russia has argued that it is an opportunity for the people of the region to express their views. There is an opportunity.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said, “From the very beginning of the operation we said that the people of the respective regions should decide their fate, and the whole current situation confirms that they want to be the masters of their own destiny.” “
2) Ukraine accuses Russia of intending to frame the referendum results as a sign of popular support, and then using them as an excuse for merger, a move it said, 2014. was similar to his annexation of Crimea.
3) Ukraine and its allies have already made it clear that they will not recognize the results.
4) In a retaliatory strike this month, Ukraine captured large swathes of territory, nearly seven months after Russia invaded the country and launched a war that left thousands dead and millions more displaced.
5) It is being said that Ukraine’s recent victory has prompted pro-Moscow officials to scramble for the vote while the referendum has been discussed for months.
6) Faced with significant defeat in Ukraine, Putin this week announced a military draft involving 300,000 troops to fight in Ukraine, in what appears to be an attempt to gain the upper hand in the conflict.
7) By incorporating the four regions into Russia, Moscow could justify the military escalation needed to defend its territory, Reuters news agency said.
8) The Russian president said on Wednesday that Moscow would “use all means we have” to protect itself, and clear reference to nuclear weapons, He said, ‘It is not a hoax.
“Encroachment on Russian territory is a crime that allows you to use all the forces of self-defense,” Dmitry Medvedev, who served as the Russian president from 2008 to 2012, said in a post on Telegram on Tuesday.
“That’s why these referendums are so feared in Kyiv and in the West.”
9) The referendum has been condemned by world leaders including US President Joe Biden, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and French President Emmanuel Macron.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization or NATO – an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – said Thursday that “sham referendum” is “illegal and illegitimate”.
10) The 2014 referendum in Crimea, which was internationally criticized as rigged, had an official result of 97% in favor of formal annexation.
(with Reuters inputs)