President Joe Biden announced at the United Nations on Wednesday that Russia “shamelessly violated the fundamentals” of the international body with its war Ukraine As he called on countries around the world to stand firmly in support of the Ukrainian resistance.
Strongly condemning Russia’s seven-month invasion, Biden said reports of Russian abuses against civilians and attempts to eradicate Ukraine and its culture “will make your blood run cold.” He cited Putin’s announcement on Wednesday that he had authorized a partial mobilization of reservists, a deeply unpopular move that sparked protests in Russia. And he said President Vladimir Putin’s new nuclear threats against Europe showed a “reckless disregard” of Russia’s responsibilities as a signatory to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons.
He criticized Russia for setting a “sham referendum” this week in forcibly seized territory in Ukraine. “A permanent member of the UN Security Council invades his neighbor, attempts to wipe a sovereign state off the map. Russia has shamelessly violated the basic principles of the UN Charter,” he told his UN audience. Told.
Biden called on all countries, whether democracies or autocracies, to speak out against Russia’s “brutal, unnecessary war” and strengthen Ukraine’s effort to defend itself. “We will stand in solidarity against Russia’s aggression, period,” Biden said.
Biden also highlighted the consequences of the invasion for the world’s food supply, pledging $2.9 billion in global food security aid to address shortages caused by war and the effects of climate change. He praised the UN brokered effort to build a corridor for Ukrainian grain exported by sea, and called for the agreement to continue despite the ongoing conflict.
Biden, during his time in the United Nations General Assembly, met with Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, before his first meeting with the new British Prime Minister Liz Truss and a separate meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron. He was also expected to pressure nations to meet a target of $18 billion to replenish the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, with US$6 billion for that goal. Reiterating the commitment.
But the focus of the president’s visit to the United Nations this year was an outright condemnation of Russia as the war neared the seven-month mark. One of Russia’s deputy UN ambassadors, Gennady Kuzmin, sat in Russia’s seat during Biden’s speech.
This came as Russian-controlled regions of eastern and southern Ukraine announced plans to hold a Kremlin-backed referendum in the coming days on becoming part of Russia and Moscow losing ground in the invasion. Russian President Putin on Wednesday announced a partial mobilization to call 300,000 reservists and accused the West of engaging in “nuclear blackmail”.
The White House said global food security funding includes $2 billion in direct humanitarian aid through the United States Agency for International Development. The balance will go to global development projects to promote the efficiency and resilience of the global food supply.
“This new $2.9 billion announcement will save lives through emergency interventions and invest in medium to long-term food security assistance to protect the world’s most vulnerable populations from the growing global food security crisis,” the White House said. “
Biden was facing no shortage of difficult issues as leaders gathered this year.
In addition to the Russian war in Ukraine, Europeans fear that a recession Might be high just around the corner. The administration’s concerns are increasing day by day that the time is running short to revive the Iran nuclear deal and over the sharp tip of China. Taiwan,
When he addressed last year’s General Assembly, Biden focused on the broader themes of the global partnership, urging world leaders to act hastily against it. coronavirus, climate change and human rights abuses. And he assured that his presidency marked the return of American leadership to international institutions following Donald Trump’s “America First” foreign policy.
But a year later, the global dynamics have changed dramatically.
His Wednesday address comes on the heels of Ukraine’s military taking back control of large parts of the region near Kharkiv. But as Ukrainian forces win battlefield victory, much of Europe is feeling a painful blow from economic sanctions imposed against Russia. Huge shortages in Russian oil and gas have led to a sharp jump in energy prices, skyrocketing inflation And the risk of Europe falling into recession is increasing.
Biden’s visit to the United Nations also comes as his administration’s efforts to revive the 2015 Iran nuclear deal appear to have stalled.
Touted by the Obama administration – and rescinded by Trump in 2018 – the Iran deal provided billions of dollars in relief in exchange for ending most of its nuclear program and opening up its facilities to widespread international oversight.
“While the United States stands ready for a mutual withdrawal in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, if Iran meets its obligations, the United States is clear: We will not allow Iran to acquire nuclear weapons,” Biden said.
US National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan said no breakthrough with Iran was expected during the General Assembly and administration officials would consult with fellow signatories to the 2015 accord during meetings this week.
This year’s UN gathering is a full-scale, in-person event after two years of reduced activity due to the pandemic. In 2020, the in-person meeting was canceled and leaders gave pre-recorded speeches instead; Last year was a mix of personal and pre-recorded speeches. Biden and the First Lady jill biden Were ready to hold a reception for the leaders on Wednesday evening.
China’s President Xi Jinping opted not to attend the UN gathering this year, but his country’s conduct and intentions will be bigger.
When China objected to House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s high-profile visit to Taiwan weeks after tensions escalated in the Taiwan Straits, Biden called for “peace and stability” and said the US would “promote a unilateral change in the status quo by both sides”. It will protest.” It came days after Biden reiterated that the US would militarily aid Taiwan if China tried to invade.
China’s government said on Monday that Biden’s statement in a CBS “60 Minutes” interview that the US military would defend the self-governing island was a violation of US commitments on the matter, but it gave no indication of possible retaliation.
Biden also declared on Wednesday that “fundamental freedoms are at risk in every part of our world,” citing a United Nations Human Rights Office report from last month to the Uighurs and other largely Muslim ethnic groups in China’s western region. expressed concern about potential “crimes against humanity”.
He also criticized the military junta in Myanmar, the Taliban that controls Afghanistan, and Iran, where he said the US supports protests in Iran that stemmed from morality following the death of a 22-year-old woman in recent days. Police for violating the Islamic dress code of the country.
“Today we stand with the brave citizens and brave women of Iran who are protesting right now to defend their basic rights,” Biden said. “The United States of America will always promote the human rights and values enshrined in the United Nations Charter in our country and around the world.”
Biden also highlighted his administration’s new investments in addressing climate change, primarily through the passage of the Democrats’ massive “Inflation Reduction Act” last month, the largest in addressing climate change. Symbol of single American investment.
He encouraged other countries to meet their environmental commitments. “And in no rush – we don’t have much time.”