HomeLifestyleValvular heart disease: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Valvular heart disease: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Heart Has four valves that open and close keep bleeding Inside and outside the heart. Valves allow blood to flow in one direction, and are open so that blood can be pumped out, then closed to prevent it from coming back, but valvular disease can occur when one of the 4 heart valves be any problem. Mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve.

Typically, the problem can be seen with the valves on the left side of the heart (the aorta and mitral valves). Stenosis and regurgitation can be two issues.


In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Mayuresh Pradhan, Consultant Cardiovascular Thoracic and Heart Transplant Surgeon at Wockhardt Hospitals on Mira Road explained, “Stenosis is seen when the valves become narrow, leading to less blood being pumped overall. Regurgitation occurs when the valve leaks in the wrong direction, allowing blood to return to the heart instead of sending it out. did you know? Some people are born with valvular heart disease, while a large number of people develop it with age. Anyone can suffer from valvular heart disease as a result of a bloodstream infection, heart attack, or even congestive heart failure.”


According to Dr Mayuresh Pradhan, some people may not show any symptoms at all. He revealed, “The treating doctor may hear abnormal sounds (heart murmurs) during an examination but some of the symptoms associated with the disease are shortness of breath, chest pain, dizziness, lightheadedness, passing out and swelling in the legs. Is. One needs to get diagnosed early as these are also symptoms of congestive heart failure. Other symptoms are fatigue, abdominal bloating, hoarse voice, abdominal pain and inability to swallow food.

He continued, “Are you aware? One of the possible reasons behind the occurrence of valvular heart disease is rheumatic heart disease. Other causes can be congenital, ischemic heart disease, age and infection in the bloodstream. Upon noticing these symptoms , without any further delay a doctor has to be consulted.”


Dr. Mayuresh Pradhan highlights, “Your doctor will suggest you an echocardiogram, or an ultrasound of your heart, to check the functioning of the heart and diagnose any abnormalities. Once the diagnosis of heart valve disease is confirmed Once you’re done, you need to seek proper treatment.”


Stating that medication and surgery will help one get back on track, Dr. Mayuresh Pradhan recommends, “Valve surgery to repair or replace a damaged valve is based on which valve is damaged. Heart valve disease A person with diabetes will need to have regular follow-ups with a doctor and have periodic echocardiograms to see if the disease is getting better or getting worse. Along with treatment, eating a balanced diet, Quitting smoking, exercising daily, eating less salt, staying stress free and controlling high blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels are imperative.



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