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Seborrheic keratosis: causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of benign skin tumor like wart or mole

Seborrheic keratosis is benign skin Tumor which are usually present in adult and elderly patients but are benign skin Lesions and often do not require treatment, but it is necessary to be able to differentiate these lesions from other benign and malignant skin tumors. Seborrheic keratosis is a characteristic mole-like benign skin growth that Health Experts agree, most people will have at least one in their lifetime.

They usually arise in middle-adulthood and as people age, they do so more often and although they are not harmful and do not require treatment, if they bother you, you can have them removed. Huh. Warts and warts are also technically epidermal tumors to indicate only that they are a collection of extra cells on the epidermal, the outer layer of the skin, and are not considered a risk factor for skin cancer.

cause:

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Gatha M Upadhyay, Consultant Dermatology at KMC Hospital in Dr BR Ambedkar Circle, Mangalore, shared, “While we do not fully understand the reasons for these growths, we can investigate those conditions. who often accompany them. The first factor is age; Seborrheic keratosis is especially prevalent in people over the age of 50, and they often get worse with increasing age. According to some research, exposure to light may make them more common. Additionally, they tend to run in families, raising the possibility that genetics may be involved. They are neither bacterial nor viral. They are not contagious and they do not spread.”

According to Dr Deepa Krishnamurthy, Consultant-Dermatologist at Manipal Hospital, Sarjapur, “Actinic keratoses appear similar to seborrheic keratosis mostly seen in exposed areas and have a tendency to be fatal. Seborrheic keratoses seem to run in families. Strong sunlight can play a role in causing seborrheic keratosis. Hormonal changes such as pregnancy and certain medications can also trigger seborrheic keratosis. It can also arise as an adverse reaction to a medication, such as adalimumab, vemurafenib, dabrafenib, 5-fluorouracil, and many chemotherapy drugs.

Symptoms:

Dr Deepa Krishnamurthy said, “Seborrheic keratosis has a variable presentation. It may appear as a flat or raised papule or plaque, skin-colored, pale, brown, light brown, dark brown, or black greasy, warty, waxy, or patchy in appearance. If irritated, seborrheic keratosis appears swollen, red, and scaly. This can lead to eczematous dermatitis surrounding the seborrheic keratosis. Erupting seborrheic keratoses, which occur when this appears very high in number, may indicate an underlying internal malignancy, most often gastric adenocarcinoma. ,

Gatha M Upadhyay explained that itching, friction-induced burning and bleeding are some of the symptoms of seborrheic keratosis and if these signs bother you, you can opt to remove the growth.

Diagnosis and treatment:

Stating that the diagnosis can be made clinically by the appearance of the lesion by a dermatologist, Dr Deepa Krishnamurthy said, “Histopathology and dermoscopy help to confirm the diagnosis. There is no way to completely prevent the development of seborrheic keratosis. However, applying sunscreen regularly helps. Most seborrheic keratosis does not require treatment.”

She adds, “A dermatologist may remove a seborrheic keratosis when it resembles skin cancer, is caught on clothing or jewelery is easily irritated and makes the patient feel unsightly. The treatment options available are cryotherapy liquid nitrogen Those that destroy the growth and the seborrheic keratosis subsides within days, electrocautery and/or treatment, ablative laser surgery and shave biopsy (shaving with a scalpel).

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