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Is your teen struggling with depression? Know the symptoms, ways to deal

Yours teen Feeling distant or moody nowadays? While parents may feel that teen tantrums are the result of indiscipline, at times these behavioral issues may be due to their poor mental health because of all the changes that children have to deal with during this time. From their changing body, to the pressure of studies to the influence of peers, it can all be overwhelming for them. Adolescents are particularly prone to depression and parents should pay attention to any possible changes in them due to declining mental health. (Also read: 8 positive things to say to someone suffering from depression

“Puberty to early adulthood is a particularly sensitive stage for children’s mental health because of all the changes and new pressures that occur during this period. Teens can feel depressed for many reasons. Traumatic childhood, including a family history of depression, physical Incidents of emotional abuse or death of parents, taught negative thought patterns, and changes in hormone balance are some of the contributing causes,” says Dr. Manju Gupta, Senior Consultant Obstetrician and Gynecologist, Maternity Hospital, Noida.

symptoms of depression

Puberty is a special time when changes in appearance and behavior are occurring naturally. As a result, it is important for parents, teachers, and other caregivers to be extra vigilant for symptoms of depression, which can be difficult to distinguish from specific behavioral changes. Mood during puberty, parental separation and peer identification are distinctive features.

Dr Gupta shares the symptoms of depression in adolescence:

thoughts of self-injury

Leaving school

academic decline

Ongoing, unexplained physical complaints

highly guilty

sensing miscommunication

Losing interest in previously interesting stuff

clinging to a parent or worried that they may pass away

sleep problems

Weight Variation

Difficulty concentrating and paying attention

Why does the risk of depression increase in puberty?

Dr Gupta says there are several explanations for the startling increase in depression in adolescence, however, there is limited consensus among academics and medical professionals.

Here are some possible reasons:

hormones

“The female sex hormone estrogen has often been linked to depression. Girls’ estradiol levels rise sharply during puberty, which may help explain why their rates of depression are increasing. Depression, on the other hand, is linked to testosterone. Not linked, a male sex hormone that rises in men during puberty. A diathesis-stress model was suggested as a possible explanation for why women are more likely to experience depression in a study that showed an increase in depression. In line with this idea of ​​gender and gender differences examined, environmental pressures and hormonal vulnerabilities are at risk of being exposed to depression,” says Dr. Gupta.

physical development stage

According to research published in The Journal of Affective Diseases, physical development during mid-puberty predicted an increase in depression rates more than any other predictor.

when puberty first starts

The date of onset of puberty may affect the prevalence of depression. Dr Gupta says that when compared with children who believed they were developing at the same level as their peers, children who are “early” or “late growers” have more symptoms of depression. can appear.

stressful life events

“The complexity and demands of social interaction and academic work increase during puberty, which can be stressful. Stressful life situations make some children more vulnerable to depression,” the expert says.

According to research, minor depression in children can often be treated with support and careful symptom management. Treatment options for moderate to severe cases of puberty-related depression can often include the use of antidepressants and psychotherapy in combination.

According to Dr. Gupta the following two forms of psychotherapy may be helpful in treating children and adolescents with major depressive disorder:

CBT: The goal of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is to identify and change the cognitive and behavioral patterns that are associated with recurrent depressive episodes.

Interpersonal Therapy (IPT): This style of treatment deals with identifying and resolving difficulties in relationships. Symptoms of depression can be exacerbated by bad relationships or ending important relationships (such as a breakup or divorce between parents).

antidepressant Should be used with caution in children and adolescents and under close supervision as they increase the risk of suicide. Education is important to help teens and loved ones recognize the risks and tell-tale signs of suicidal ideation.

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