Malaria cases on the rise monsoon and it is spread by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito, which can life threatening In severe cases if there is evidence of high parasitemia index and not treated at the right time. Classical Characteristics of Malaria There are fever, sweating, chills, headache and fatigue.
Sometimes you may have nausea and vomiting if the liver is affected and one has to consult a doctor and follow the treatment plan. In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. Vikrant Shah, Consulting Physician, Intensivist and Infectious Disease Specialist at Zen Multispecialty Hospital, Chembur reveals some guidelines that are helpful for malaria patients:
• Timely diagnosis – It is essential to get a proper diagnosis to know whether one is suffering from malaria or not. If anyone develops high fever with chills, headache, tiredness and fatigue, consult a doctor immediately. Do not take any medicine until it is confirmed that you have malaria. Therefore, avoid self-medication. Also, you should not skip the medicine and complete the course recommended by the doctor. Take the appropriate dosage at the time prescribed by the doctor.
• Eat a balanced diet – Malaria patients should pay attention to their diet. Try to choose fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, pulses, lentils, nuts and seeds. Avoid junk, spicy, oily, packaged and processed foods. Do not eat any bakery items or Chinese food. Say no to sugary drinks, preserved juices, colas and sodas. Try taking in more fluids. You should consume soup, green tea, ginger and mint tea. Cut down on smoking and alcohol. Stay hydrated by drinking enough water. did you know? Providing the body with all the necessary nutrients will help fight malaria in a better way and the medicine will also work properly. Try eating hydrating foods like cucumber and watermelon and you will feel better.
• Prevent mosquito bites – Use mosquito nets at home. Even mosquito repellents can help. Also try to wear full-sleeved clothes to avoid mosquito bites. Avoid stagnation of water near the house as stagnant water is a breeding ground for mosquitoes. Fogging should be done from time to time.
One should pay attention to the symptoms, seek timely diagnosis and treatment and then follow the instructions to deal with malaria without any serious complications. You need to follow proper steps to get back on track after malaria.