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Hand, foot and mouth disease in children: Watch out for these symptoms; Do’s and Don’ts for Parents

hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is in the news these days with the increase in the number of cases of tomato flu in India, which is considered to be another form of HFMD. More common in children under the age of 5, hand, foot, and mouth disease is caused by viruses of the Coxsackie group and is highly contagious. It can also affect older children and adults. Your children may have sore throat and fever along with tongue blisters, a red rash or elevated sores on the palms and sores. (Also read: Tomato flu: Know common symptoms, prevention tips from experts)

“It usually begins with fever, poor appetite, a vague feeling of being unwell (malaise) and a sore throat. A day or two after the fever begins, painful sores usually develop in the mouth. They are small red Begins as spots that blister and which often become ulcers. The skin rash develops over 1–2 days. The rash consists of flat or raised red spots, sometimes with blisters. The rash is usually It occurs on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet; it can also appear on the skin on the knees, elbows, buttocks or genital area,” says Dr Siddhartha Nayar, Chief Neonatologist, Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, Faridabad.

The virus can be found in the blister fluid and faeces (faeces) that come out of the nose and throat of an infected person. An infected person can spread the virus through close personal contact, the air (through coughing or sneezing), and contact with feces, contaminated objects, and surfaces. The risk of a person spreading the infection is during the first week of illness. Adults may not develop any symptoms. However, they can still be contagious.

Tips to prevent infection

It is important to take care of hygiene to prevent the spread of infection.

“Proper hygiene includes mandatory hand washing after contact with the patient, proper cleaning is mandatory during diaper changes. Personal items such as spoons, cups and utensils should not be shared and should be washed properly. Patients with HFMD should be isolated should be done and normal isolation procedures should be followed. For infection control followed. Articles like contaminated toys are thoroughly disinfected,” says Dr. Siddhartha Nayar.

Treatment for HFMD

As HFMD is a self-limiting disease, usually mild, one should not panic if their children contract it. Although there is no specific treatment for hand, foot and mouth disease, there are some tips that can be followed to get relief from the symptoms.

– A paracetamol for pain and fever may help.

Mouthwash or spray can be used for mouth ulcers to numb the pain in the mouth.

Mild HFMD cases require only symptomatic treatment. Treatment of fever and relief of symptoms, adequate hydration and rest are important.

– Parents and caregivers should be educated about hygiene and should take measures to prevent infection in other children.

When should the child be admitted to the hospital

• When the child is unable to tolerate oral feeding and needs intravenous hydration.

• When the child is medically very ill or appears toxic.

• When a more serious illness cannot be ruled out.

• When there is a persistent high-grade fever for more than 48 hours.

• When neurological complications are suspected, eg lethargy, myoclonus, increased drowsiness, changes in sensorium and/or seizures.

• When cardiac complications (myocarditis) are suspected, such as low blood pressure, low pulse volume, heart rhythm abnormalities, murmur, gallop rhythm, displaced apex beat

• When the parents are unable to cope with the child’s illness.

• When there is insufficient family or social support to care for the child at home.

Do’s and Don’ts for Parents

• Don’t panic.

• Isolate for at least a week and do not send to school.

• Monitor the child’s fever.

• Ensure proper hydration.

• Avoid oily, spicy food which will aggravate the sore throat and sores.

• Give home cooked food.

• Ensure cleaning of utensils, proper disposal of diapers and proper washing of infected clothing.

• Visit your pediatrician regularly.

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Hello Friends, My Name is Raushan Kumar. I am a Part-Time Blogger and Student. I am author of https://searchnews.in . We're dedicated to providing you the best of News, with a focus on Business, Health, Lifestyle, World, Tech, India, Gadget.
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