cervical cancer A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association says cases have increased dramatically in recent times among women in their early 30s. Cervical cancer is caused by long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). hpv Sexually transmitted from one person to another. While at least half of sexually active people will have HPV at some point in their lives, few women will get cervical cancer, according to the CDC. While cervical cancer screening has made this cancer preventable, it is estimated that more than 14,000 new cases will be diagnosed this year and more than 4,000 deaths will be attributed to cervical cancer. (Also Read: Cervical cancer: 6 lifestyle changes to prevent the disease)
what is cervical cancer
“Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer among Indian women. It most commonly develops in women over the age of 30. Long-lasting infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is believed to be the main cause of cervical cancer. HPV (a common virus) is passed from person to person during sex,” says Dr. Nisha Kapoor, Director and HOD, Department of Obstetrics Gynecology and Advanced Gynecology Laparoscopy Marengo QRG Hospital Faridabad.
Reasons why cervical cancer is on the rise in women over 30
Dr Kapoor also spoke candidly on the reasons behind the increasing cases of cervical cancer among women above 30.
preliminary sexual intercourse
“Cultural change has promoted sexual activity at an early age. The immature epithelium of the cervix in young women creates a weaker barrier and is at a higher risk of being colonized by the HPV virus, which if persistent can lead to cervical cancer.” and is responsible for cancerous lesions,” says Dr. Kapoor. ,
multiple sex partners
Dr Kapoor says that multiple sex partners and the increased incidence of STDs increase the risk of cervical cancer in young women.
Certain lifestyle habits can also increase the risk of cervical cancer in young women. “Smoking, again very prevalent among youth, is another risk factor for cervical cancer,” says Dr. Kapoor.
lack of awareness
According to expert, lack of awareness even among urban educated women for cervical cancer vaccination and cervical cancer screening is another very important reason.
Cervical cancer prevention in young women
Avoid unhealthy sexual practices
Dr. Kapoor says, “Prevention lies in preventing youth from engaging in unhealthy sexual practices as well as seeking medical help for early detection and treatment of STDs. Also, using a barrier method of contraception provides protection. “
Avoiding smoking is another prevention
Cervical cancer vaccine, if given between the ages of 9-14 years and during the catch-up period till the age of 25 years, prevents 95-98% of cervical cancer.
Cervical cancer screening by Pap test, LBC and HPV DNA test provides an opportunity to detect and treat pre-cancerous conditions before they turn into cancer.