HomeLifestyle9 pesky post covid complications in children explained by doctors

9 pesky post covid complications in children explained by doctors

A recent study suggested that covid infection may increase the strokes risk in children. A small study conducted in the US and published in the journal Pediatric Neurology reviewed medical charts and diagnosis codes to identify 16 hospitalized patients who had experienced ischemic stroke between March 2020 and June 2021. Mariglenn J., a pediatric neurology resident at University of Utah Health and lead author of the study. “It may be that the hyper-immune response that follows is what causes the kids to clot,” Wilkes said. “Overall, children are at relatively low risk for stroke, but there is a rare but real risk after Covid,” Wilkes said. Long Covid in children: How common is it, symptoms, treatment and all you need to know)

According to Dr. Kishore Kumar, Founder Chairman and Neonatologist, Cloudnine Group of Hospitals, Bangalore, most of the children recovered from the Covid infection without any major complications, some of them developed symptoms and signs which were referred to MIS-C (for Multi abbreviated) as described. Infection of pregnant mothers with MIS-N (Multi Inflammatory System-Neonatal) disease affected the Inflammatory System-Child) and newborns.

Dr Kumar says that MIS-C and MIS-N are multi-inflammatory-systemic diseases, it occurs in children or in the newborn and the symptoms are triggered by the Covid-19 infection, which leads to an inflammatory cascade, which leads to the disease. causes manifestations of – “direct infection” as a result of indirect infection in children as a “direct infection” and in the newborn – with mothers having COVID-19 during infection and antibodies from mothers triggering inflammation in newborns/ Inflammatory marker.

“Any way the manifestations are multi-system that are not caused by another disease or known infections,” says the expert.

“The COVID-19 virus has variable characteristics, including its ability to transmit and rate of infection, as well as its short- and long-term effects. While some people rarely have any disabling symptoms, others may be able to recover. continue to struggle with illnesses later. Even children affected by the COVID-19 virus have reported a variety of experiences. Although most of them were not as severely affected as adults, COVID-19 in children Many can cause additional diseases, even when they have little or no symptoms at first. Some conditions are not serious and may go away on their own. While some are more serious and may require medical attention,” Dr. . Amit Gupta, senior consultant pediatrician and neonatologist, Motherhood Hospital, Noida.

Here’s how Covid has affected the health of children:

1. Bleeding from the intestine, pain in the legs, pain in the abdomen

“The most common we’ve seen are blood manifestations — kids suddenly developing either excessive coagulation or poor clotting because of the inflammatory markers that appear to cause clots — like leg pain, abdominal pain.” The cause of these pains persisting despite all tests being negative and eventually we discover that it is small clots in the blood vessels supplying various organs – including an increased incidence of pancreatitis or bleeding from poor clotting including intestinal bleeding ,” says Dr. Kishore Kumar.

2. MIS-C

Multisystem inflammatory syndrome, a rare complication in children caused by COVID-19, can cause inflammation in certain organs and tissues, including the brain, heart, lungs, blood vessels, kidneys, digestive tract, skin, and eyes.

“Coronavirus, like other viral illnesses such as some types of flu, has the potential to directly infect and damage heart muscle tissue. Additionally, the body’s immune system response can indirectly damage the heart and inflame heart muscle tissue.” If your child later exhibits symptoms such as fever, abdominal pain, skin rash, vomiting, diarrhea, bloodshot eyes, with one or more symptoms, for no apparent reason, consider COVID-19. contracting it, you should consult your paediatrician,” says Dr Amit Gupta

3. Heart problem

“Another common thing we have seen is that the heart is being affected in different ways. Many children show dilation of the blood vessels that supply the heart – some recover after a few weeks, some persist for months – requiring careful monitoring and treatment if required. Some children also developed myocarditis – ie, inflammation of the heart. Most of these resolved over a period of months,” says Dr Kumar.

4. Respiratory problems

“Due to the fact that COVID-19 typically affects the lungs, persistent respiratory symptoms are common. Chest pain, cough and difficulty breathing during exertion are some of them. Some of these signs may last for three months or more. May last longer. Lung function tests may be needed for children 6 years and older with persistent symptoms. Children with exercise-induced breathlessness may need heart tests, to rule out complications such as blood clots. may be required,” says Dr. Gupta.

5. Neurological problems like headache, convulsions, hallucinations

“Many children developed neurological manifestations – headaches, convulsions, and some had hallucinations – again most of them recovered within a few weeks,” says Dr Kumar.

6. Behavioral issues and mental health

“Having COVID-19 can affect a child’s mental health and behaviour. Events related to COVID-19 such as isolation, treatment, medication, absence of play time with friends and school activities can exacerbate symptoms in those children. who already have mental or behavioral disorders. Some children may also be irritable and moody. Your child’s pediatrician may check your child for signs of depression, anxiety, and other mental health problems, and this can also suggest when your child might need extra help,” says Dr. Gupta.

7. Persistent fever

Dr Kumar says, “Another common manifestation we saw was persistent fever in children with cough – not responding to antibiotics and cough medicines – many of them requiring steroids to control the cough – Many children behave almost like children with asthma.”

8. Loss of appetite, energy

“Many children had no specific symptoms, but loss of appetite, lack of energy and fatigue persisted for a few weeks to a few months,” says Dr Kumar.

“Adults who have had COVID-19 often complain of confusion, difficulty remembering and concentrating. Adolescents and children may have similar symptoms. Your teen may appear more forgetful or have problems concentrating They may need more repetitions and breaks during learning because they read more slowly. Since stress can make these symptoms worse, make sure your child gets enough sleep and try to control it. Help them. Your child may benefit from team-based therapy, take regular breaks between study sessions and a rehabilitation plan if post-Covid mental exhaustion doesn’t get better or interferes with daily activities,” says Dr Gupta Huh.

9. Physical Exhaustion

“Children have been shown to tire easily and have an overall drop in energy levels after being infected with the Covid-19 virus. Over time, things usually get better. Physical exercise by your child’s pediatrician A gradual increase may be suggested. If symptoms don’t get better after trying this, they may suggest seeing a physiotherapist or other specialist,” says Dr Gupta.

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