One in eight older persons in Canada experienced their first episode, according to recent large-scale research that included more than 20,000. depression during pandemic, The statistics were significantly worse for those who had previously battled depression. Nearly half (45 percent) of this population reported having depression by 2020.
An analysis of responses from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging, which collected information from participants for an average of seven years, was published in the International Journal of Environmental Research & Environmental Research. public health,
“High rates of depression for the first time in 2020 shed light on the substantial The mental health toll that the pandemic took in a previously mentally healthy group of older adults.” says first author, Andy McNeil, a recent Master of Social Work graduate, from the Factor-Inventash Faculty of Social Work (FIFSW) and the Institute for Life Course and Aging, University of Toronto Huh.
While it is well known that depression increased among older adults during the pandemic, few studies have examined the proportion of people who developed the disorder for the first time or the proportion of people with a history of the condition who then developed the disorder. were from (Also Read | Hours worked in stressful jobs linked to depression risk: Study,
“The devastation of the pandemic that affected so many aspects of daily life particularly hit those with a history of depression,” said co-author Sapriya Birk, formerly a researcher in the Department of Neuroscience, Carleton University, Ottawa. who are currently united. medical student at McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada, said, “Health professionals need to be vigilant in examining their patients who had mental health problems earlier in life.”
The researchers determined that several factors, such as low income and savings, loneliness, chronic pain, difficulty accessing healthcare, a history of traumatic childhood experiences, and family conflict were associated with depression among older adults during the pandemic.
Before the pandemic, older adults who felt their income was insufficient to meet their basic needs and those with fewer savings were more likely to experience depression during the pandemic.
“These findings highlight the disproportionate mental health burden borne by individuals of low socioeconomic status during the pandemic. Many of these socioeconomic risk factors may be exacerbated by the economic uncertainty of the pandemic, especially for individuals with low resources.” Could be,” say the co-authors. Margaret de Grohe, scientific manager at the Public Health Agency of Canada.
Individuals who experienced different dimensions of loneliness, such as feeling lonely, feeling isolated, and lack of companionship, had an approximately 4 to 5 times higher risk of both incident and recurrent depression.
“It is not surprising that the lockdown was particularly difficult for older adults who were isolated and lonely during the pandemic. Social connections and social support are essential for well-being and mental health. Better support and outreach is needed that are isolated,” says co-author Ying Jiang, senior epidemiologist at the Public Health Agency of Canada.
Older adults with chronic pain and who had trouble accessing their usual health care, medication or treatment were more likely to be depressed during the autumn of 2020.
“This finding underlines the importance of streamlining service provision to ensure less disruption to medical services should a future pandemic arise,” said co-author Professor Paul J. Villeneuve, Department of Neuroscience, Carleton University, Canada.
Individuals with a childhood history of adversity were more likely to be depressed during the autumn of 2020. Older adults who experienced family conflict during the pandemic had more than triple the risk of depression compared to their peers who did not.
“Family conflict is a major stressor that can affect mental health even in the best of times. With the lockdown enforced close quarters and the stress of the pandemic, there was considerable strain on many family relationships. The ensuing conflict was a major risk factor for depression. for,” says senior author, Professor Esme Fuller-Thomson at the University of Toronto’s FIFSW and Director of the Institute for the Life Course and Aging.
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