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SCO Summit: On Ukraine, India is implementing UN Charter but no mention in Joint Declaration

Delhi The Samarkand Declaration of the SCO Summit was signed, omitting references to the “United Nations Charter”, while underlining “mutual respect for the sovereignty” and “territorial integrity of states”.

Unlike last year’s SCO declaration in Dushanbe, which called for adherence to “the goals and objectives of the United Nations Charter”, this time there was no such mention.

This is a departure from India’s position in the last seven months since the invasion of Russia. Ukraine on 24 February.

Over the past seven months, India has always invoked the United Nations Charter, advocating for “territorial integrity and respect for the sovereignty of states” in the wake of Ukraine’s invasion.

In its first statement on February 25, a day after the start of the invasion, India said, “The contemporary global order is built on the United Nations Charter, international law and respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of states.” And, in its latest statement on 7 September, India said, “We continue to emphasize to all member states that the global order is based on international law, the United Nations Charter and respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of states.”

The Samarkand Declaration advocated a “commitment to the peaceful settlement of differences and disputes between countries through dialogue and consultation” – a diplomatic language similar to that used by India. Russia’s military actions in Ukraine emphasized the “rejection of unilateral military superiority in the adjoining areas” in 2021.

“Member States advocate respect for the right of the people to freely and democratically choose their political and socio-economic development, and insist that sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity of states, equality, mutual benefit, non- The principles of mutual respect for interference in internal affairs, and the non-use or threat of the use of force are the basis of the sustainable development of international relations. They seek their efforts for the peaceful settlement of differences and disputes between countries through dialogue and consultation. reaffirm the commitment,” said the Samarkand Declaration.

The SCO Declaration in Dushanbe (2021 Virtual Summit) stated: “Member States firmly adhere to the goals and objectives of the United Nations Charter and the SCO Charter, with mutual respect for independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity, equality and mutual benefit.” The principles of, peaceful settlement of potential disputes through dialogue and mutual consultation, non-interference in internal affairs, non-use of military force or threat of force, rejection of unilateral military superiority in the surrounding areas.

In view of the aggressive attitude of China, these lapses are clearly visible. Taiwan and in the South China Sea.

On China’s ambitious One Belt One Road initiative, India remained as far away as last year.

“The Republic of Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Russian Federation, the Republic of Tajikistan and the Republic of Uzbekistan, acknowledge the ongoing work of the Eurasian Economic Union and jointly implement the project, including efforts to link the construction of OBOR,” the announcement said. All the members of the SCO except India signed the paragraph.

The summit ended without any bilateral meeting between Modi and Xi. When asked about the non-attendance of the meeting, Foreign Secretary Vinay Mohan Kwatra said he did not think “there is more to read”.

Kwatra said, “All the meetings which were scheduled and requests for which we have come, were taken care of and all the meetings were held as per the schedule.”

Earlier in his address, Xi congratulated India on behalf of China on becoming the chairman of SCO. “We, along with other member states, will support India during her presidency,” he said.

In order to further promote the rich cultural and historical heritage of the people and tourism potential of the SCO member states, it was decided to declare Varanasi as the SCO Tourism and Cultural Capital for 2022-2023, the Samarkand Declaration stated.

The language of the Declaration on Terrorism and Afghanistan was similar to last year’s announcement.

But it spoke of plans to draw up a general list of terror groups. “Member States shall, in accordance with their national law and on the basis of consensus, try to develop general principles and approaches to form a unified list of terrorist, separatist and extremist organizations whose activities are restricted in the territories of the SCO Member States ..”

It said member states in all their forms and manifestations expressed “deep concern at the security threat posed by terrorism, separatism and extremism” and strongly condemned terrorist acts around the world. It also said that Member States, reaffirming a strong commitment to fight terrorism, separatism and extremism, “make efforts to address conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism, cutting off terrorist financing channels, terrorist recruitment and cross-border terrorism”. Let us resolve to continue to take proactive measures.” Border movement, counter extremism, youth radicalization, spread of terrorist ideology, and elimination of sleeper cells and places used as terrorist safe havens.

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The Member States, it said, note the inadmissibility of interfering in the internal affairs of states under the pretext of combating terrorism and extremism, as well as the inadmissibility of the use of terrorist, extremist and radical groups for selfish purposes.

On Afghanistan, the Declaration stated that the SCO member states believe that the prompt resolution of the situation in Afghanistan is one of the most important factors in maintaining and strengthening security and stability in the SCO region.

“They support the establishment of Afghanistan as a free, neutral, united, democratic and peaceful state free from terrorism, war and drugs,” he said.

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