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These 7 lifestyle habits reduce the risk of dementia in people with diabetes: Study

Minneapolis (US): In adults with type 2 diabetes, a combination of seven healthy lifestyle habits, including sleeping seven to nine hours per day, exercising regularly, and frequent social interaction, was related to a lower risk of dementia . The study’s findings were published in the online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Study author Yingli Lu, MD, PhD, of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine in China, said: “Type 2 diabetes is a worldwide epidemic that affects one in 10 adults, and having diabetes has a higher risk of a person developing dementia. The danger increases.” , “We examined whether a broader combination of healthy lifestyle habits could offset that dementia risk and found that people with diabetes who incorporated seven healthy lifestyle habits into their lives were more likely than people with diabetes. The risk of dementia was lower than those who did not lead healthy lives.

“For the study, researchers looked at a health care database in the United Kingdom and identified 167,946 people with and without diabetes who did not have dementia at the start of the study. Participants completed health questionnaires, provided physical measurements. and gave blood. samples. For each participant, the researchers calculated a healthy lifestyle score of zero to seven, with one score for each of the seven healthy habits. Habits included no current smoking, a day for women. Moderate alcohol consumption of up to one drink and up to two. a day for men, regular weekly physical activity of at least 2.5 hours of moderate exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous exercise, and seven to nine hours of sleep per day. Another factor Had a healthier diet including more fruits, vegetables, whole grains and fish. Less refined grains, processed and unprocessed meats. Last habits were less sedentary, defined as less than four hours of television viewing a day and frequent viewing social interaction, also known as being with others, with friends or family Th was defined as gathering at least once a month and participating in social activities at least once a week or more.

The researchers followed the participants for an average of 12 years. During that time, 4,351 people developed dementia. A total of 4% followed only zero to two healthy habits, 11% followed three, 22% followed four, 30% followed five, 24% followed six and 9% followed All seven followed. People with diabetes who followed two or less of the seven healthy habits were four times more likely to develop dementia than those without diabetes who followed all seven healthy habits. People with diabetes who followed all habits were 74% more likely to develop dementia than those without diabetes who followed all habits.

Also read: Benefits of walking: 10,000 steps a day and brisk walking lower risk of cancer, dementia, says study

For people with diabetes who followed all habits, there were 21 cases of dementia for 7,474 person-years, or 0.28%. Person-years represent both the number of people in the study and the time each person spent in the study. For people with diabetes who followed only two or fewer habits, there were 72 cases of dementia for 10,380 person-years, or 0.69%. After adjusting for factors such as age, education and ethnicity, people who followed all habits had a 54% lower risk of dementia than those who followed two or fewer. Each additional healthy habit people followed was associated with an 11% lower risk of dementia.

The association between healthy lifestyle scores and dementia risk was not influenced by the medications people took or how well they controlled their blood sugar.” Our research shows that for people with type 2 diabetes, healthy living Living in style can greatly reduce the risk of dementia,” Lu said. “Doctors and other medical professionals who treat people with diabetes should consider recommending lifestyle changes to their patients. Such changes can not only improve overall health but also reduce the risk of dementia in people with diabetes. may also contribute to prevention or delay.” One limitation of the study was that people told about their lifestyle habits and they might not remember all the details correctly. Lifestyle changes over time also didn’t catch on.


(Disclaimer: Except for the headline, this story has not been edited by Zee News staff and has been published from a syndicated feed.)

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