Dr Saurabh Chowdhary
Diabetes can have serious effects on your eyes, resulting in vision changes, vision loss and even blindness. This is because high blood sugar damages the tiny capillaries in the retina. Once high blood sugar levels damage the retina, the vision loss you suffer may be irreversible.
7 eye care tips for people with diabetes:
Maintain your blood sugar level: Maintaining tight control of your blood sugar is by far the most effective way to prevent all of the eye problems associated with diabetes. It is important to avoid massive blood sugar fluctuations.
Healthy Diet: To protect diabetic eyes, eat a balanced diet that includes vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, lutein, omega-3 fatty acids, zinc and zeaxanthin. These essential vitamins can be found in all fruits and vegetables, leafy greens, fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, or mackerel, nuts including walnuts and almonds, plus beans, lentils and mushrooms. Strictly avoid sweets, processed meats, packaged food, deep-fried snacks, carbonated drinks, etc.
exercise: Regular exercise helps control blood sugar levels and therefore may reduce the risk of developing diabetes-related eye disease. Simple cardio like jogging, brisk walking, running, dancing, swimming, cycling etc is enough. Do this for at least half an hour daily to keep your eyes fit.
Meditation: Stress can raise your blood sugar as well as your blood pressure. Meditation can calm your mind and bring relief to your body.
drink more water: Drinking plenty of water regularly is another important thing to control diabetes and reduce the risk of problems like dryness, burning and irritation in the eyes.
Quitting Smoking: Smoking damages the body’s nerves, arteries and capillaries, which further worsens the eye damage associated with diabetes.
Annual dilated eye exam:
To make sure that your efforts to keep blood glucose under control are helping to keep your vision healthy, visit your eye doctor each year — or more often if recommended — for a comprehensive eye exam. This visit will include screening for diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma and cataracts. Your eye doctor can detect the early stages of diabetic retinopathy long before you notice any symptoms. This early diagnosis combined with preventive action can mean the difference between losing sight permanently and retaining your ability to see clearly.
(Disclaimer: Dr. Saurabh Chowdhary is the CEO of ICARE Eye Hospital in Noida, one of the oldest and largest NABH-accredited eye hospitals in Delhi-NCR, established in 1993. Expressed in this article The views expressed are those of the author and do not reflect the views of Zee News.)