Kidneys play an important role in filtering waste and excess fluid from the body and they also help regulate body chemistry by controlling the amount of salt, water and other chemicals in the body, where kidney failure can lead to chronic kidney disease. May suffer from disease. Work at your best. It is a known fact that kidneys filter waste products, excess water and other impurities from the blood through urine and not only this, kidneys are also responsible for regulating pH, salt and potassium levels in the body and maintaining good bone health. They are also responsible for activating vitamin D to maintain and regulating muscle function but there is still a lack of awareness about kidney disease and that is the reason why a large number of people require dialysis.
Most of the symptoms associated with failing kidneys are quite vague such as weakness, loss of appetite and in fact, in most cases patients already have end-stage renal failure at the first presentation to the doctor. Symptoms like swelling of lower limbs, foamy urine, loss of appetite are often ignored by the patient, but if one is facing such problem, a doctor must be consulted.
Also, people with end-stage kidney disease need kidney transplants, so try to make sure you take the utmost care of yourself. Health experts stress on taking the medicine only if the doctor has recommended it because taking the medicine at the drop of a hat can put you at risk of kidney disease and OTC pain relievers like ibuprofen and naproxen can harm the kidneys so , consult your doctor before choosing a kidney-safe treatment if you are nursing pain.
Dr. Vinod Kumar, Consultant –
Nephrology & Renal Transplantation at Aster RV Hospital shared, “There is no doubt that kidney transplant is the better mode of treatment for patients suffering from end stage kidney disease (permanent form of renal failure) Is. The alternative option is dialysis which has its own pros and cons.
However, kidney transplant is also not without all problems. Even though the quality of life is much better after kidney transplant as compared to dialysis, the recipient has to be more careful, alert and responsible after the transplant. He suggested do’s and don’ts after kidney transplant surgery.
Take plenty of oral fluids. It is recommended to take 3 to 5 liters of fluid in the initial days after transplant.
Take anti-rejection medicines (immunosuppressing medicines) at the right dose and at the right time as prescribed by the doctor. Set an alarm or reminder on your mobile phone so that you don’t miss a dose.
Wear a surgical mask while going out, take boiled and cold water.
Take only fresh home cooked food. If you are a non-vegetarian, cook meat and fish properly before consuming them.
Exercise regularly for 30 to 45 minutes a day for at least 5 days a week (a total of 150 minutes a week). Brisk walking, running, cycling and swimming may be considered.
You can return to your job three months after the implant surgery if the clinical condition is stable.
It is very important to have regular checkups with the doctor as advised. In the beginning, you may have to visit the doctor twice a week and with time the frequency of visits will reduce.
Your appetite increases significantly after transplant. There is a risk of weight gain and developing diabetes and high cholesterol after a kidney transplant because of the medications used. Following a healthy diet is very important. Eat a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fiber, whole grains, lean meats, poultry and fish. Reduce salt intake, reduce fatty food and high carbohydrate diet.
If any family member develops fever, cold and cough, self-isolate until their symptoms subside.
What not to do:
Avoid heavy lifting for at least one month after kidney transplant surgery.
Do not stop anti-rejection medicine without doctor’s advice. Noncompliance with medications can trigger rejection. If you miss a dose, take one tablet as soon as you remember.
Avoid NSAIDs (pain relievers) and other nephrotoxic drugs (drugs that can harm the kidneys). Always consult a nephrologist before taking any new medicine.
Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice. Avoid pomegranate and its juice. Both these fruits will interact with the anti-rejection treatment.
Some antibiotics also interact with anti-rejection treatments. Before taking it, take the opinion of the treating nephrologist.
Avoid half cooked meat. Avoid eating outside food or ordering food parcels from outside.
Avoid going to crowded places like malls, religious places of worship and family gatherings. Be careful when using the public transport system, especially in the early stages.
Avoid meeting too many people in the initial days after surgery as it increases the risk of infection. It is a common practice in our country for friends, relatives and neighbors to pay a courtesy visit to a person after any major illness. This should be strictly avoided.
Immunosuppressive drugs are given to prevent rejection of the transplanted organ. If you miss a dose, it may lead to rejection. At the same time, these medicines reduce the immunity of your body and thus the risk of infection increases. Strict adherence to infection control practices is of utmost importance. Finding the right balance between these two factors determines the success of the transplant.