Colonoscopy is a medical procedure in which a flexible tube with a camera is inserted into the rectum to view the colon and rectum. It is the most highly effective way to find and prevent colon cancer, the third most common disease worldwide. However, colonoscopy can also find other diseases of the alimentary tract that are causing symptoms or increasing the risk of more serious conditions.
Here we will tell which diseases can be detected by Colonoscopy:
Cancer: Rectal examination plays an important role in the detection of cancer. Using the colonoscope, if the doctor sees any lumps or problems, they need to do a biopsy. Cancer is confirmed through a lab test after a biopsy.
Bowel problems: During a rectal exam, the doctor checks for conditions of your bowel such as bowel ulcers, Crohn’s disease or separation.
Diverticulosis: This is a common problem that is commonly found in people of increasing age. This problem may manifest as complaints of apathy, pain or frequent diarrhea. This problem can be identified and treated with a rectal exam.
Crohn’s disease: Crohn’s disease is a common intestinal disease characterized by inflammation of the intestine, discoloration of the intestinal wall, or pain. Crohn’s disease can be confirmed and treated with a rectal exam.
Bowel biliary system problems: A rectal exam can also detect problems with your bowel biliary system, such as gallstones.
Bowel cancer: Rectal examination is an important method for bowel cancer. In the vast majority of cases, the growth of the bowel wall is accompanied by the growth of cancer. Such problems can be identified and treated properly by rectal examination.
Old intestinal wounds: Rectal examination can also identify old wounds. Wounds cause swelling, pain and diarrhea. Rectal examination can confirm these lesions and they can be treated appropriately.
Bowel polyps: A rectal exam can detect polyps in your bowel. These are the size of small footballs that arise in the intestine. When there are more polyps in the intestine, they lead to cancer. These polyps can be detected by rectal examination and removed in time.
In summary, a rectal exam is an essential procedure that is important to your health. With this test, problems with your intestine can be identified and treated properly. If you suffer from any bowel related problems or you are above 50 years of age, then you should get a rectal examination done. Hope this article has given you an idea about the importance of rectal examination.