To control diabetes, blood sugar levels should be kept as close to normal as possible. But regardless of how vigilant you are, if you have diabetes, hyperglycaemia is going to develop at some point. If you have diabetes and your fasting blood sugar is higher than 125 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter), you have hyperglycemia. Fasting is defined as not eating for at least eight hours.
Symptoms of high blood sugar
Early symptoms of hyperglycemia include:
- Increased thirst and dry mouth
- Frequent urge to urinate
- Blurred vision
- Unintentional and sudden weight loss
- Tecurring infections, such as thrush, bladder infections (cystitis) and skin infections
What are the causes of high blood sugar?
Many factors can trigger an increase in blood sugar levels in people with diabetes, including:
- Any other illness, such as a cold
- Eating a lot, such as snacking between meals
- Lack of exercise or physical activity
- Missing a dose of your diabetes medicine, or taking the wrong dose
- Over-treatment or excessive and obsessive resolution to an episode of hypoglycaemia (low blood sugar)
- Taking certain medicines, such as steroid medicine in combination with other medicines or exercising.
How to stop high blood sugar?
Your team of doctors may recommend using a device to check your blood sugar levels at home so that you can detect a spike early and take action to prevent it. Apart from this, you can prevent high blood sugar by following these lifestyle changes:
- Change your diet; For example, you should stay away from items like cakes and sugary drinks that raise blood sugar levels.
- If you are dehydrated, drink plenty of sugar-free fluids.
- Exercise more often – Small, regular activity, such as walking, can often lower your blood sugar levels, especially if it aids in weight loss.
- If you use insulin, adjust your dose. Your medical team can provide you with detailed instructions on how to do this.
- Don’t smoke.
- Limit alcohol consumption.
If you have diabetes and symptoms of hyperglycemia, follow whatever advice your medical team gives you to lower your blood sugar level. If you are unsure about what to do, contact your doctor or healthcare team.