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India may need 28W of additional coal-fired power generation capacity by 2032: CEA

“It is observed that in addition to the under-construction coal-based capacity of 25GW, the additional coal-based capacity required by 2031-32 may vary from about 17 GW to about 28 GW,” CEA said in a draft National Electricity Plan.

“It is observed that in addition to the under-construction coal-based capacity of 25GW, the additional coal-based capacity required by 2031-32 may vary from about 17 GW to about 28 GW,” CEA said in a draft National Electricity Plan.

A report by advisory body Central Electricity Authority (CEA) said India may require an additional 28GW of coal-fired power generation capacity by 2032, apart from the 25GW of thermal projects under construction.

“It is observed that in addition to the under-construction coal-based capacity of 25GW, the additional coal-based capacity required by 2031-32 may vary from about 17 GW to about 28 GW,” CEA said in a draft National Electricity Plan.

CEA has prepared a draft ‘National Electricity Plan (Vol-I Generation)’ on September 8, 2022 for stakeholders’ feedback.

As per the Electricity Act, 2003, the CEA is required to prepare the National Electricity Plan once in five years. The Act stipulates that the CEA, while preparing the National Electricity Plan (NEP), shall publish the draft and invite suggestions and objections from the licensees, generating companies and the public. Inputs on the draft can be given latest by December 5, 2022.

It is also observed that the BESS (Battery Energy Storage System) requirement varies from 51GW to 84GW in 2031-32, the document states.

It also said that in the event of delay in the achievement of hydro-based plants, which are in the agreed/under construction stage, an additional coal of about 4 GW is required in the capacity mix in 2026-27.

In the event of non-availability of base load nuclear capacity, the (study) model opts for cheaper coal candidates available to provide base load support.

When peak demand and energy requirement increase, coal-based capacity and storage requirement – both PSS (Pumped Storage Scheme) and BESS – increase with a marginal increase in hydro-based capacity, it found.

As per the preliminary estimates of demand projections, the estimated all-India peak electricity demand and electric energy requirement for the year 2026-27 are 272 GW and 1,874 BU (Billion Units) and for the year 2031-32 are 363 GW and 2,538 BU respectively. , it said.

The average PLF (Plant Load Factor) or the capacity utilization of the total installed coal capacity of 239.3 GW was found to be around 55% in 2026-27. The average PLF of the total installed coal capacity of 248.9 GW was found to be around 62% in 2031-32.

Capacity addition of 2,28,541 MW, including 40,632 MW conventional capacity addition (coal-33,262 MW, nuclear-7,000 MW, gas-370 MW) and 1,87,909 MW renewable-based capacity addition (large hydro-10,951 MW) . Solar-1,32,080, Wind-40,500 MW, Biomass-2,318 MW, PSP-2,060 MW) during 2022-27 is required to meet the peak power demand and energy requirement for the year 2026-27.

Based on the generation planning studies conducted for the period 2022-27, the potential installed capacity for the year 2026-27 is 6,22,899 MW, which includes 2,78,382 MW of conventional capacity addition (coal-2,39,333 MW, gas). Is. -25,269 MW, nuclear – 13,780 MW) and 3,44,517 MW renewable-based capacity addition (large hydro – 52,929 MW, solar – 1,86,076 MW, wind – 80,858 MW, small hydro – 4,848 MW, biomass – 13,000 MW, PSP -6,806 MW), it said.

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